Comprehensive Staffing Model Overview
DCPS uses a Comprehensive Staffing Model (CSM) and Non-Personnel Service (NPS) model to allocate funding to schools. Each school type (elementary, middle, education campus, and high school) has a corresponding CSM. DCPS does not fund schools on a per-pupil basis using a student-based or weighted student funding model.
Personnel (PS) Allocation Explained
Each school receives an allocation for a variety of staff members to serve in schools. For example, every school receives a principal, but a high school may receive funding for an athletics and activities coordinator, while an elementary school may receive funding for a Pre-Kindergarten instructional aide. These differences as based on the kinds of programming each school provides. Additionally, specific teacher-to-student ratio requirements are reflected in the different school type CSMs.
The CSM allocates funding to schools based on enrollment and for specific programs using the average position cost for each staff type. Schools budget for staff based on the average cost of the position.
Example: If 42 students are projected in 4th grade:
Non-Personnel (NPS) Allocation Explained
The NPS model allocates funds to schools on a per-pupil and programmatic basis. It includes funding for supplies and technology as well as funding for programs such as Pathways, International Baccalaureate , Pool programming, and Credit Recovery. Similar to the personnel allocations, non-personnel allocations range in flexibility levels. The non-programmatic amount of flexible NPS dollars generated by the NPS Comprehensive Staffing model is called the “Non-Personnel Flexible Dollars” on each school’s initial budget allocation worksheet.
Initial Funding Amount
After the CSM has been modeled for all schools, the DCPS finance team conducts a review to ensure that all schools meet required thresholds, including the per-pupil funding minimum level for the specific fiscal year and to ensure that no school budget has decreased by more than 5% from the previous year as required by stabilization law. The law requires that all schools receive at least 95% of their previous year school budgets (exceptions are allowed). If either of these conditions are not met, schools receive additional flexible allocation(s). Schools also receive non-local funding supplemental to the local funding. After this process is completed, initial funding amounts are issued for all schools.
For more information on non-local funding, the per pupil funding minimum, and stabilization, see Supplemental Funding on the Budget Model Page.